History of Hanoi, Hanoi History, Vietnam History, History of Vietnam, Hanoi Airport Transfers

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History of Hanoi, Hanoi History


Hanoi in Vietnam centered around Hoàn Kiem Lake, has a history dated back to 3000 years. Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam is located along Red River. It is considered to be the treasure of political and social evolution of Vietnam. With a population of more than 3 million, Hanoi in Vietnam will haunt you back to its past through the remnants of history preserved along the silent alleys of the Old Quarter. If you trace History of Hanoi, you will realize that Hanoi on one hand, offers scenic beauty and shadows of French-colonial rule in the city's architecture, on the other, it is a city adapting it self to the mall and bar culture of cosmopolitan times.

History of Hanoi says that Hanoi is known by various names like Long Bien, Tong Binh and Long dol as well. Co Loa citadel in Hanoi originated in 200 BC and the locale was turned into a citadel in 866 as Ðai La. It was in 1010, when Lý Thái To, the first ruler of the Lý Dynasty shifted Ðai Viet or the then capital of Vietnam to Ðai La Citadel. This place served as the capital of Vietnam till 1397 when it was again shifted to Thanh Hóa ( later known as Ðông Ðô). This place then fell to Chinese troops from the Ming Dynasty in 1408. Ðông Ðô was called Ðông Quan by the Chinese force till it was liberated in 1428 by Lê Loi, the founder of the Le Dynasty.

The Nguyen Dynasty shifted this capital to present Hue in 1802 and named the place as Thang Long. However, the original locale of Dong Quan, which was renamed by the Nguyen Dynasty as Hà Noi (meaning- around the bend of the river or River Interior) in 1831, fell to French regime in 1873. More than a decade later, it became the capital of French Indochina. However, it again succumbed to Japanese annexation in 1940 but in five years, it attained freedom. Interestingly enough, Hanoi even after its freedom, witnessed war between French and Viet Minh forces for some time when it served as the capital of North Vietnam. Only after North Vietnam reunited with South Vietnam on July 2, 1976 to form a united Vietnam, Hanoi became the capital of the consolidated Vietnam.

History of Hanoi also adds that in 2004, the relics of a citadel almost a century old, was spotted in central Hanoi adding to the historic impression of the place for the tourists.


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